White Particles In The Urine – Causes & Symptoms

Usually the color of urine is a pale yellow. But sometime people see white particles in their urine. This white particle is a indication of infection.

Some condition such is infections, kidney stones, pregnancy, etc can cause white particle in the urine or make it cloudy.

White particles in the urine appear when people eat certain foods such as blueberries, asparagus or beets. But this change in urine color is harmless.

In some situation the color of urine changes due to the concentration of waste in the urine. When you drink lots of water, urine is diluted and its color comes to normal. This change in color of urine is not dangerous which due to the concentration of urine with the waste products.

If you observe white particles in the urine and don’t experience any symptoms, there is no need to be worried about it because it will disappear shortly.

And if you see white particles in the urine with symptoms so it means that it is an infection signal or health issue.

Females are more prone to urinary tract infection as compare to men. White particles in the urine of female are common. But it becomes a sign of infection when urine becomes cloudy, along with white particles and foul smell.

In this article, we will discuss the causes of white particles in the urine and symptoms.

Cause of white particles in the urine

The common causes of white particles in the urine are:


White particles in urine in female are a sign of pregnancy. In pregnancy there is a milky and thin vaginal discharge, which is called leukorrhea. But this leukorrhea is normal.

But in pregnancy, vaginal discharge is increased this is due to the hormonal changes in pregnancy. This vaginal discharge mixes with the urine and appears as white particles as it leaves the body.

During pregnancy consult the doctor when urine color becomes dark or accompanied by burning or itching. This is because of infection.

Urinary Tract Infection UTI

Urinary tract infection are the major cause of white particles in the urine. UTI is mainly caused by Bacteria but certain parasites, viruses and fungi can also cause urinary tract infections.

Usually UTIs affect urethra and bladder in lower urinary tract but they can also affect ureters and kidneys in upper urinary tract.

Urinary tract infections happen when bacteria enter into urethra and then into bladder, kidneys or ureter, where they grow and cause infections.

Both men and women can experience discharge from a urinary tract infections that contain white particles in the urine.

The common symptoms of UTIs include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Cloudy urine
  • Foul smell from urine
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Pelvic pain
  • Rectal pain in some cases
  • Fever

Bacterial UTIs are easily treated with antibiotic therapy. If UTIs is left untreated then they spread to the other parts of the body. if this is happen then they will need Intravenous antibiotic therapy.

The good option is that when you feel that you have UTI, immediately consult a doctor.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are formed when the level of crystal forming substances, such as calcium oxalate or uric acid  are very high than the normal level.

These substances are accumulated in kidneys to form stones. These stones then move to the other parts of urinary tract. If the size of the stones is small, body expel them from the body during urination. These stones seem like small white particles in urine.

Symptoms of kidney stones include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Difficulty in urination
  • Burning sensation in while peeing
  • Cloudy, bloody or stinky urine
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Fever
  • Small amount of urine at a time

The symptoms of small stones can be treated with simple nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and alpha blocker and help you to pass out stones from the body.

Lithotripsy and surgical procedures are applied if stones are large. These are stones remover techniques.

Sexually transmitted infections

Sexually transmitted infections STIs are that type of infections which pass through anal, vaginal or oral sexual contact.

There are many types of STIs and they cause genital discharge both female and men. These discharges appear like white particles in the urine.

Sexually transmitted infections that cause genital discharge both men and female include:

  • Gonorrhea
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Chlamydia

The symptoms of STIs are:

  • Burning sensation during urinaltion
  • Pelvic pain
  • Vaginal itching
  • Fever
  • Weakness
  • Mild pain in groin area

If you are exposed to sexually transmitted infection, immediately contact physician. Single or two anti-microbial therapy can treat STIs.


The inflammation of prostate gland is known as prostatitis. Prostatitis is caused by bacterial infection. Bacterial infection cause discharge in the urethra. Then these discharge mix with the urine and appears as white particle in the urine.

Symptoms of prostatitis include:

  • Difficulty in urination
  • Pain during urination
  • Fever
  • Urine has foul smell
  • Pain in the lower back, abdomen or rectum
  • Low libido
  • Throbbing sensation near genitals or rectum
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Painful ejaculation

Bacterial prostatitis need antibacterial therapy for 2-4 weeks along with drinking high amount of water.

Retrograde ejaculation

Retrograde ejaculation is a condition in which semen enter into bladder instead of entering into penis during orgasm. You may ejaculate very little or no semen. this condition is known as dry orgasm.

Semen come out from the body during urination and they seem like white particles in the urine.

Retrograde ejaculation is not dangerous but it can cause infertility in men.


During ovulation cervix produce extra amount of cervical mucus. This mucus has milky or creamy structure.

This mucus resembles to small white particles in the urine. If the mucus has foul smell speak to your doctor.

Yeast infection

Usually vaginal infections are caused by a fungus called candida albicans. As a result of this infection thick, odorless discharge is produced which mix with the urine.

This discharge looks like a cottage cheese. It seems like white particles in the urine.

The symptoms of yeast infections include:

  • Burning sensation during urine
  • Itching in vagina
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Mild fever

Over the Counter anti-fungal drug can treat vaginal yeast infections.

Bacterial vaginosis

There is a balance among the bacteria in vagina. When this balance is disturbed inflammation is initiated in vagina. So bacterial vaginosis is the inflammation of vagina caused by imbalance of bacteria.

As a result of this inflammation, thin, white, gray or green discharge started from vagina. When it mix with urine, you may observe white particles in the urine.

Symptoms of bacterial vaginosis are:

  • Itching
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Fishy odor

Suppositories, topical creams or lotions and oral antibiotic is a treatment protocol for bacterial vaginosis.


If you observe white particles in the urine, it is due genital discharge or urinary tract infection. White particles in the urine in most cases is normal but when you feel other symptoms too then contact doctor for treatment.


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