Boba (Bubble Tea): Preparation, Types & Health Benefits

what is boba?

Boba is a very popular beverage in the world especially in Taiwan and USA. The other names used for boba tea are bubble tea and pearl milk tea. Boba tea is composed of base tea such as black or green tea, mixed with milk or other fruit flavors.

To make bubble tea more captivating and delish tapioca pearls are added. Tapioca pearls are small chewable balls made from tapioca starch. First, these balls are cooked until their texture become chewable and then added to boba tea.

Bubble tea is usually severed with a wide straw that allows you to sip the chewable tapioca pearls and bubble tea. Due to its unique flavors, texture and popularity, it has become a main beverage at parties and bars.

In this article, we will look through the boba recipe, history, health benefits and types of boba.

Boba tea
Bubble tea

Recipe for boba tea (bubble tea)?


  • black tea leaves = 1/2 cup or 4 black tea bags
  • water = 2 cups
  • sugar (adjust to taste) = 1/4 cup
  • tapioca pearls (boba) = 1 cup
  • milk (dairy or non-dairy) = 1 cup
  • Ice cubes =  as needed

Optional Ingredients  

  • Flavored syrups (such as fruit syrups or honey) for additional flavor
  • Additional toppings like fruit jelly, grass jelly, or pudding

Method of Boba tea preparation

The main steps in boba tea preparation include:

First prepare the tapioca pearls (boba)

  • Boil water in a pot
  • Add the tapioca pearls to the boiling water and gently stir them.
  • Cooked the tapioca pearls for 4-8 minutes or until the boba becomes soft and chewy.
  • Remove the pot from the heater and keep the boba for another five minutes in the hot water.
  • Drain the cooked pearls and wash them with cold water.
  • Now keep boba aside.
  • Add the tapioca pearls to the boiling water and stir gently.
  • Cook the pearls for about 5-7 minutes or until they become soft and chewy.
  • Remove the pot from heat and let the pearls sit in the hot water for another 5 minutes.
  • Drain the cooked pearls and rinse them with cold water. Set aside.

Brew the tea

  • Boil 2 cups of water in a separate pot.
  • Add black tea leaves or tea bags into boiling water.
  • Let the black tea leaves or tea bags for five minutes or as per instructions written on the tea package.
  • Remove the black tea leaves or tea bags
  • Add sugar and stir it until sugar is thoroughly dissolved.
  • Now cool down the tea to room temperature or simply chill it in the chiller. 

The final step is to assemble the bubble tea

  • Add ice cubes to a glass.
  • Add 1/2 cup of cooked tapioca pearls to the ice-filled glass.
  • Add the chilled tea over the tapioca pearls until the glass is about 3/4 filled.
  • Now pour milk to fill the remaining glass.
  • For additional look and flavor, add flavored syrups or other toppings.
  • Stir all the ingredients to mix well
  • Bubble tea is now prepared

How to serve the bubble tea

  • Insert a wide straw into the glass to sip the tea and chew the tapioca pearls.
  • Stir the tea with a straw for enjoying purposes.
  • You can adjust the amount of milk and sweetness according to your choice.

Note: this is the basic recipe for bubble tea, you can customize it by adding different tea varieties, flavors, and toppings according to your preference.

Types of bubble tea

There are various types and flavors of bubble tea but the most common are:

Milk bubble-tea

In milk bubble tea, milk or cream is added to base tea such as black tea or green tea. Milk adds a smooth and creamy texture to the boba.

Fruit bubble Tea

In fruit bubble tea, fruit flavors, fruit chunks or purees are added to the base tea. Fruits flavors offer a fruity and refreshing twist to the bubble tea.

Taro Milk Bubble Tea

In Taro milk bubble tea, Taro along with milk and sometimes sweeteners are added to the base tea. Taro is a root vegetable and has a sweet and nutty flavor. Taro also adds purple color to the bubble tea.

Matcha Green bubble tea

Matcha is special green tea leaves that are finely powdered. In Matcha Green tea, matcha is added to the bubble tea.

Jasmine Mike bubble tea

In jasmine Milk bubble tea, jasmine blossoms are added to achieve a unique flavor and texture. If you like fragrant beverages then this type of bubble tea is best for you.

Winter Melon bubble tea

In this type of boba tea, winter melon is added. Winter melon has a subtle and sweet flavor.

Herbal bubble tea

Sometimes herbals such as hibiscus, rooibos, or chamomile are added to the base tea to get tremendous texture and flavors. This type of tea has several health benefits.

Is boba healthy?

Yes, Boba is healthy if it is taken according to the required ingredients and nutrition content. You should enjoy it as a special occasional treat. To assess the healthiness of boba, you should consider these factors:

Caloric content

Boba tea varies in terms of calories depending on the size, types, and ingredients used in it. Some bubble tea are high in calories such as sugar or milk bubble tea. To reduce calorie intake always try to drink boba tea in small glass.

 Sugar content

One factor that can make boba tea dangerous is sugar such as sweeteners, syrups and honey that are used in the preparation of boba tea. Intake of high sugar content can lead to various health complications such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease. Choose the boba tea that has less sugar content.


Toppings are used to add texture and flavors to the boba tea but it can increase the calorie content. Choose the bubble tea that has fewer toppings. Common toppings used in bubble tea are tapioca pearls, fruit jelly, and pudding.

 Nutritional benefits

Bubble tea is a rich source of antioxidants, caffeine, and fewer amounts of micronutrients.

Boba tea is good for health if it is taken in moderation and prepared from low-calorie ingredients.

Health benefits of bubble tea

Bubble tea does not offer potential health benefits because it is usually used for enjoyment purposes but some ingredients used in it offer some health benefits such as:

 Source of antioxidants

Some types of boba tea such as green tea and herbal teas are a rich source of antioxidants that protect the body from oxidative stress and free radicals.


Like other beverages, boba tea plays a key role in overall hydration if it is taken in sufficient amounts.

 Personal preferences

Different types of flavors are used in the boba tea, so can make the one that you like.

 Source of proteins and calcium

Some types of boba tea in which milk and nondairy alternative are used can provide a small amount of protein and calcium.

learn about protein rich vegetables


Boba tea is famous for its unique flavors, texture, and chewy tapioca pearls. It is also called bubble tea.

Bubble tea is used on special occasional treats and anybody can prepare it at home.

The healthiness of boba tea depends on the ingredients used in it. It doesn’t offer potential health benefits. It is essential to consume boba tea in lesser amounts. 


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